How to Install Debian 12 on a Computer using a USB Stick

Do you want to use Linux Debian 12 Bookworm on your computer? Great news! This guide will show you how to install Debian using a USB stick. This OS is famous for being a trailblazer in the world of Linux distributions, paving the way for others like Ubuntu.

Just follow the steps in this practical guide to make a bootable USB disk with Rufus and install Debian 12 on your computer. Let’s begin!

Installing Debian 12 on a PC

Credit: Debian

Install Debian: A Reliable and Versatile Operating System for Your Computer

Debian Linux is a perfect operating system. It’s famous for being one of the first to make new versions compared to other Linux systems. It’s also helped a lot in making the Linux world better.

After Linux became popular, Debian helped make new systems like Ubuntu, which is now one of the most liked Linux systems around.

If you’re thinking about using something other than Windows on your computer, Debian Linux could be a good choice. It’s solid, dependable, and safe. Plus, you can change it to fit what you need.

To put Debian Linux on your computer, you can use a DVD or a USB stick to start the installation. To make a DVD, you can use a program like Nero to put the ISO file you got from its website onto a disk. You can also use a program like Rufus to make a bootable USB stick with the setup files.

Minimum System Requirements for Installing Debian 12

Before you install Debian on your computer, make sure it can handle it. Here is the least you need for Debian 12:

  • A 1 GHz processor that can work in 32-bit or 64-bit mode.
  • If you’re using a 32-bit system, you need at least 1 GB of RAM. But for a 64-bit system, you’ll need at least 2 GB of RAM.
  • You need 10 GB of free space on your computer to store stuff like files, pictures, and documents.
  • Your computer needs a graphics card and a monitor that can show 800×600 resolution. This means your display should handle at least 800 pixels wide and 600 pixels tall. It’s a standard resolution for everyday computer stuff and essential software.
  • To put software or an operating system on your computer, you need a DVD drive or a USB port. You’ll use the installation media, like a DVD or a USB flash drive. With one of these, you can install the software or operating system.

It’s important to remember that these are just the basic requirements. For the best performance, think about getting better specs based on what you do with your computer. If you meet these requirements, Debian 12 should work well for you, giving you a dependable and flexible operating system.

How to Create a Debian USB Stick Using Rufus

Here’s how to make a Debian USB stick using Rufus:

  1. First, get the Debian ISO file from the official website and save it on your host computer.
  2. Then, download Rufus from its official website and install it.
  3. Put a USB stick into your computer’s USB port. It should be at least 4GB in space.
  4. Open Rufus and pick your USB stick from the list under “Device.”
  5. Click “Select” next to “Boot selection” and find the ISO file you saved. Click “Open”.
  6. Choose “MBR” if your computer uses BIOS or “GPT” if it uses UEFI under “Partition scheme.”
  7. Select “FAT32” under “File system”.
  8. Hit “Start” to make the USB stick ready.
  9. Rufus will format your USB stick and put the ISO file on it. This can take some time, depending on your computer and USB stick.
  10. When it’s done, safely take out the USB stick from your computer.

That’s it! Now, you’ve got a USB stick ready to install Debian on your PC.

How to Install Debian on a PC from Strach

If you want to install Debian 12 on your PC, you can use Rufus to get everything ready. Follow these steps or watch our video to make sure everything goes well. This way, you’ll make a bootable USB drive or DVD that you can use to run it on your computer.

How to Set Up Debian 12

  1. To start installing it, pick the Graphical Install choice from the menu that pops up when you turn on your computer. Then, hit the Enter key on your available keyboard.
  2. When you start setting up, the wizard will ask you to pick the language and where you are for the installation. It would be best if you chose the correct language and place so your system works right. Look at the options and pick the ones that fit what you need.
  3. To start, choose the keyboard setup you like best. Then, you’ll need to give your device a name. You can ignore the part about adding a domain name for now.
  4. To start making your new account, create a strong password for the main account. Make it something nobody can guess easily. After that, type in the full name of your new account. When you do, use lowercase letters.
  5. To set up your disk, pick the one you want to use and make a new password for your account.
  6. To set up the disk, choose “All Files In One Partition” from the options. After you pick that, confirm your choice to save the changes to the disk. This will help store your files well on the disk.
  7. To make installing packages faster, you can skip an extra media scan and use the network mirror instead. This will help install everything quicker and smoother.
  8. To get the files, first, pick your country. Then, choose the server. This way, you’ll get the Debian packages downloaded quickly and reliably.
  9. If you’re using a proxy server to get online, type its address in the box. If you’re not using one, you can skip this part.
  10. We want you to join our survey about how you use our packages. If you join, you can tell us what you think about using our software. We suggest picking the Debian desktop because it’s easy to use and suitable for personal or work stuff.
  11. When you’re setting up your operating system, you can choose to put the GRUB Boot Loader on your disk. After you finish installing, it’s a good idea to take out any disks or USB drives and restart your computer. That way, your system will start up right and be ready to use.
  12. To get into your user account, type your password when asked after you log in to your computer. Then, find the terminal on your desktop and open it. Once it’s open, type “lsb_release -a” to see which version of Debian you have on your computer.
lsb_release -a


Debian Linux is a good choice for your computer. It’s dependable and can do lots of different things. It’s one of the first to get new versions, even before other Linux systems.

You can quickly put it on your PC using a USB stick and Rufus. It’s safe, and you can change it to fit what you need. If you’re thinking about switching from Microsoft Windows to Linux, version 12 is a good option.

If you want to put Kali on your computer and learn how to do it step by step, we suggest you read our detailed article called ‘How to Install Kali Linux.’ It gives clear instructions and helpful tips, even if you’re new to this. So, if you’re ready to start using this operating system, take a look at our guide for everything you need to know.

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